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What is the function of sinoatrial node?

Asked by: Kheira Rosas

asked in category: General Last Updated: 7th January, 2020

What is the function of sinoatrial node?

The heart’s natural pacemaker – the SA node – sends out regular electrical impulses from the top chamber (the atrium) causing it to contract and pump blood into the bottom chamber (the ventricle). The electrical impulse is then conducted to the ventricles through a form of ‘junction box’ called the AV node.

In this manner, what does the sinoatrial node do?

In the upper part of the right atrium of the heart is a specialized bundle of neurons known as the sinoatrial node (SA node). Acting as the heart’s natural pacemaker, the SA node “fires” at regular intervals to cause the heart of beat with a rhythmn of about 60 to 70 beats per minute for a healthy, resting heart.

Similarly, where is the sinoatrial node located? The SA node is the heart’s natural pacemaker. The SA node consists of a cluster of cells that are situated in the upper part of the wall of the right atrium (the right upper chamber of the heart). The electrical impulses are generated there.

Also to know is, what is the function of SA node and AV node?

The SA (sinoatrial) node generates an electrical signal that causes the upper heart chambers (atria) to contract. The signal then passes through the AV (atrioventricular) node to the lower heart chambers (ventricles), causing them to contract, or pump. The SA node is considered the pacemaker of the heart.

What happens when the sinoatrial node stops working?

If the sinus node is not functioning normally — due to damage from surgery, drugs, congenital heart defects or other causes — the heartbeat may become very slow with a decrease in blood pressure. Sinus node dysfunction may lead to an abnormally slow heart rhythm called bradycardia.

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