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What is Merton’s theory of deviance?

Asked by: Edyta Pigeon

asked in category: General Last Updated: 19th April, 2020

What is Merton’s theory of deviance?

Merton’s Strain Theory of Deviance. Argues that crime is a result of people being socialised into expecting success but not achieving this success due to limited opportunities. Strain Theory was first developed by Robert Merton in the 1940s to explain the rising crime rates experienced in the USA at that time.

Similarly one may ask, what is Merton’s theory?

Strain theory is a sociology and criminology theory developed in 1938 by Robert K. Merton. The theory states that society puts pressure on individuals to achieve socially accepted goals (such as the American dream), though they lack the means.

Furthermore, what are the 3 theories of deviance? Theories. Three broad sociological classes exist that describe deviant behavior, namely, structural functionalism, symbolic interaction and conflict theory.

Considering this, what are the four types of deviance according to Merton?

According to Merton, there are five types of deviance based upon these criteria: conformity, innovation, ritualism, retreatism and rebellion.

What are the 4 functions of deviance?

A pioneering sociologist Emile Durkheim argued that deviance is not abnormal, but actually serves four important social functions: 1) Deviance clarifies our collective cultural values; 2) Responding to Deviance defines our collective morality; 3) Responding to deviance unifies society; 4) Deviance promotes social

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