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How does the chemical structure of protein differ from carbohydrates?

Asked by: Juana Torschmied

asked in category: General Last Updated: 22nd January, 2020

How does the chemical structure of protein differ from carbohydrates?

How does the chemical structure of proteins differ from the structure of carbohydrates and fats? Like carbohydrates and fats, proteins contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, but proteins also contain nitrogen. Amino acids are linked together to form proteins.

Hereof, how does the structure of protein differ from carbohydrates?

Proteins consist of units called amino acids, strung together in complex formations. Because proteins are complex molecules, the body takes longer to break them down. As a result, they are a much slower and longer-lasting source of energy than carbohydrates.

Additionally, how does the chemical composition of fat differ from carbohydrates? Just as carbohydrates are composed of smaller molecules called monosaccharides, all fats are composed of smaller molecules. The smaller molecules in fats are glycerol (an alcohol) and fatty acids.

Also question is, what is better protein or carbohydrates?

That’s because your body uses calories to digest and make use of the nutrients in foods. This is referred to as the thermic effect of food (TEF). However, not all foods are the same in this regard. In fact, protein has a much higher thermic effect than fat or carbs — 20–35% compared to 5–15% ( 21 ).

What are the functions of proteins?

Proteins are a class of macromolecules that perform a diverse range of functions for the cell. They help in metabolism by providing structural support and by acting as enzymes, carriers, or hormones. The building blocks of proteins (monomers) are amino acids.

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